### ACM K12 Model Curriculum

• Topic 11: Understand how 0s and 1s can be used to represent information, such as digital images and numbers.
• Topic 2: Discuss common uses of technology in daily life and the advantages and disadvantages those uses provide
• Topic 11: develop a simple understanding of an algorithm
• Topic 8: Select appropriate tools and technology resources to accomplish a variety of tasks and solve problems.
• Topic 9: Demonstrate an understanding of concepts underlying hardware, software, algorithms, and their practical applications.
• Topic 11: Understand the graph as a tool for representing problem states and solutions to complex problems
• Level I (Grades K-12) Topic 12:
• Understand how to arrange (sort) information into useful order, such as a telephone directory.

### New Zealand Curriculum Achievement Objectives

• Mathematics Level 1: Number strategies
• Use a range of counting, grouping, and equal-sharing strategies with whole numbers and fractions.
• Understand that technological outcomes are products or systems developed by people and have a physical nature and a functional nature.
• Understand that technology is purposeful intervention through design.
• Mathematics Level 1: Equations and expressions
• Communicate and explain counting, grouping, and equal-sharing strategies, using words, numbers, and pictures.
• Mathematics Level 1: Probability
• Investigate situations that involve elements of chance, acknowledging and anticipating possible outcomes
• Mathematics Level 2: Position and orientation
• Create and use simple maps to show position and direction.
• Generalise that whole numbers can be partitioned in many ways.
• Find rules for the next member in a sequential pattern.
• Give and follow instructions for movement that involve distances, directions, and half or quarter turns
• Mathematics Level 1: Shape
• Identify and describe the plane shapes found in objects
• Mathematics Level 2: Equations and Expressions
• Communicate and interpret simple additive strategies, using words, diagrams (pictures), and symbols
• Mathematics Level 2: Position and Orientation
• Mathematics Level 3: Patterns and relationships
• Generalise the properties of addition and subtraction with whole numbers.
• Connect members of sequential patterns with their ordinal position and use tables, graphs, and diagrams to find relationships between successive elements of number and spatial patterns
• Mathematics Level 3: Position and Orientation
• Use a co-ordinate system or the language of direction and distance to specify locations and describe paths
• Mathematics Level 3: Probability
• Investigate simple situations that involve elements of chance by comparing experimental results with expectations from models

• Technology Level 1: Characteristics of technology
• Understand that technology is purposeful intervention through design.
• Technology Level 1: Technological systems
• Understand that technological systems have inputs, controlled transformations, and outputs.
• Technology Level 1: Characteristics of technological outcomes
• Understand that technological outcomes are products or systems developed by people and have a physical nature and a functional nature.
• Technology Level 1: Brief Development
• Describe the outcome they are developing and identify the attributes it should have, taking account of the need or opportunity
• Technology Level 1: Outcome Development and Evaluation
• Investigate a context to communicate potential outcomes. Evaluate these against attributes; select and develop an outcome in keeping with the identified attributes.
• Technology Level 1: Planning for Practice
• Outline a general plan to support the development of an outcome, identifying appropriate steps and resources
• Technology Level 2: Planning for Practice
• Develop a plan that identifies the key stages and the resources required to complete an outcome
• Technology Level 2: Technological Systems
• Understand that there are relationships between the inputs, controlled transformations, and outputs occurring within simple technological systems.
• Technology Level 3: Technological systems
• Understand that technological systems are represented by symbolic language tools and understand the role played by the black box in technological systems.
• Health and Physical Education Level 1: Identity, sensitivity, and respect
• Demonstrate respect through sharing and cooperation in groups
• English Level 1: Speaking, writing and presenting
• Recognise how to shape texts for a purpose and an audience